What Are Terpenes in Cannabis? How Do They Function?

What Are Cannabis Terpenes?

What Are Cannabis Terpenes?

Terpenes, one of the important substances utilized in essential oils, are most frequently derived from plants, such as teas, herbs, and, of course, cannabis. Animals have terpenes as well. Essentially, terpenes are found in fish scales, feathers, and egg yolks of animals.

Plants get their flavor, aroma, and appearance from terpenes that are produced in special combinations. Terpenes are another means through which a plant defends itself against predators or attracts pollinating insects.



Terpenes are valued for their medical and therapeutic benefits. We consume them every day in the form of spices, teas, and essential oils. The spices curcumin and thyme are two of them. Indian cuisine loves the spice curcumin.

Although it has many healing properties, its anti-inflammatory and painkilling properties make up the majority of its reputation. Another common spice we use in our cooking is thyme. It possesses both antibacterial and antifungal therapeutic effects.

Green, Rooibos, and Turmeric teas are among the ones we consume for their therapeutic properties. These teas include terpenes, which are recognized for their relaxing, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Terpenes, which come in a huge diversity, are also present in marijuana. Cannabis terpenes resemble the more well-known THC and CBD molecules. Cannabis terpenes, like these primary compounds, offer a variety of medicinal characteristics, including as analgesic, anti-anxiety, and anti-inflammatory properties.

The Most Common Terpenes in Cannabis

There Are Both Primary and Secondary Terpenes in Cannabis Strains. the Main Cannabis Terpenes Have a Significant Impact on The Way the Plant Appears, Tastes, and Smells. the Underlying Compounds that Give Depth and Layers to All of These Plant Characteristics Are Secondary Terpenes.


  • The two types of marijuana strains are Indica and Sativa. These two classifications are based on the hybrid characteristics of the plant, such as flavor and scent, as well as the effects a strain exerts on a user.
  • Indica strains typically provide complete body relaxation in their consumers. The energetic, imaginative highs of Sativa strains are well known. Beyond the distinction between Indica and Sativa, a strain’s flavor, aroma, texture, and effect are all important factors.
  • The main difference between an Indica and Sativa strain is the type of marijuana terpenes present, as well as whether they are primary or secondary.
  • The characteristics that make up your preferred marijuana strain are terpenes. You can experience everything from a gentle wave of ecstasy to the overwhelming relaxation of “couch-lock,” thanks to the great diversity of fragrances, tastes, and textures. There is a cannabis happy zone for every user thanks to the abundance of options.

Secondary Terpenes Often Used:


borneol-5629608This terpene has a peculiar metallic undertone and a minty scent and flavor. It can be used as an analgesic and an anti-inflammatory due to its therapeutic properties. Cannabis strains including K13-Haze, Golden Haze, and Amnesia Haze contain Borneol.

Phytol: This marijuana terpene has flora tones and induces calm in the consumer. Because of its sedative and anti-anxiety effects, it is frequently utilized. Its anti-inflammatory properties are another one of its medicinal advantages. This terpene can be detected in the undertones of the cannabis strains Cheese, Blue Dream, and Sour Diesel.


eucalyptol-1280x720-8591147This terpene has a refreshing, minty menthol fragrance. Both antibacterial and antifungal activities are present in it. The marijuana strains Girl Scout Cookies, AC/DC, and Headband all contain it as a minor ingredient.

Despite not being one of the more popular cannabis terpenes, sabinene gives this strain a distinctive peppery or spicy aroma. Many consumers claim that the scent is reminiscent of pumpkin pie or the holiday season.

Although this terpene should only be used in tiny doses, it has anti-bacterial and antioxidant qualities that make it useful in medicine. Super Silver Haze is one of the main strains where it can be found.

Effects of Typical Terpenes and Their Types

Although there are 400 identified terpenes in cannabis, only a small number of them have been associated with particular effects.


Here are a few typical terpenes and some possible effects:

Beta-caryophyllene. Beta-caryophyllene, a key component of hops, rosemary, and cloves, may be useful for treating anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Beta-pinene. If you’ve ever taken a stroll through a coniferous forest, you’re familiar with the scent of beta-pinene, which may also have anti-cancer and anti-depressant properties. properties from Trusted Sources.

Humulene. This terpene can be found in ginseng, a plant traditionally utilized in folk medicine for its stimulating properties.

Limonene. Limonene, one of the most widely distributed terpenes, has distinct citrus undertones and may have anti-cancer qualities. It has been demonstrated in mice that Trusted Source has anti-anxiety effects.

Linalool. Linalool-containing cannabis may be of interest to those who enjoy using lavender in aromatherapy since it may help reduce tension.

Myrcene. Myrcene, which is found in mangoes, has antifungal and antibacterial activities and may also have sedative effects.

Remember that a lot of the terpenes research is still in its infancy. To completely comprehend the effects that various terpene profiles have on health, more high-quality research in people are required.

Increasing Their Advantages

Want to learn more about terpenes? Observe the following advice:

Go over the label. Terpene profiles (typically the three most abundant terpenes) and product concentrations are included in some cannabis products that have undergone laboratory testing (usually a number that sits around 2 percent).


  • Verify the freshness. In order to avoid a decrease in terpene concentration, look for items with a recent packaging date. If you can, take a whiff of the flower if you decide to use it. Not stale, but aromatic (a sign of high terpene content) is what you want.
  • With cannabis oil, exercise cautious. Simulated terpenes are frequently added to oil-based vaping products. Although it’s unclear whether synthetic terpenes work any less effective than natural ones, they are frequently utilized to make household cleaners and other chemicals. Exercise vigilance and be suspicious of marketing materials that make lofty promises.
  • Reduce the heat. There is some proof that dabbing, which uses extreme heat, could cause synthetic terpenes to break down, producing potentially hazardous metabolites. You might want to stick with vaping flower at a low temperature or eating edibles until experts learn more about how heat affects terpenes.
  • Publish a journal. Take note of your intake technique and how you feel as you experiment with various terpene profiles. This will eventually enable you to identify the ideal terpene profile for the desired results.

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